Salt for human consumption is produced in different forms: unrefined salt (such as sea salt), refined salt (table salt), and iodized salt (such as the one in the bag that has the ‘all seeing eye’ on it. lol). It is a crystalline solid, white, pale pink or light gray in color, normally obtained from sea water or rock deposits. Edible rock salts may be slightly grayish in color because of mineral content.
Because of its importance to survival, salt has often been considered a valuable commodity during human history. However, as salt consumption has increased during modern times, scientists have become aware of the health risks associated with high salt intake, including high blood pressure in sensitive individuals. Therefore, some health authorities have recommended limitations of dietary sodium, although others state the risk is minimal for typical western diets.
General sodium recommendations suggest that its intake is to not exceed 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day. Limiting salt to below 1,500 milligrams per day is beneficial for those with high blood pressure, fluid retention, and heart disease. One teaspoon of salt contains about 2,300 milligrams of sodium. But, salt is not just added salt while cooking or at the table. Sodium is also high in some foods that do not even taste salty, like milk products and baked foods and Icing sugar, just kidding.
Anyway, reading food labels is a very good way of tracking ones sodium intake. Make sure sodium content on the label is less than 140 milligrams per serving or 500 milligrams per meal. This will help you consume below 2,000 milligrams per day.
Sodium is found in almost every food, so completely avoiding sodium is not realistic. Choosing fresh fruits and vegetables, and salt-free and reduced-sodium foods are great ways to limit salt intake. Sea salt does not have less sodium content than table salt; since it is a larger grain, fewer salt granules fit onto a teaspoon, so you are eating less sodium.
Since many processed foods are very high in sodium, eating natural or minimally processed foods is the best way to avoid unnecessary sodium. Una dey hear now o, una wey like Fast food!
Alternative seasonings such as herbs and spices contain little or no sodium and add just as much flavour. By ‘herbs’ i don’t mean agbo o, toh. Be cautious when trying salt alternatives; the main ingredient is potassium chloride, which may be a problem for those taking certain medications or potassium supplements.
To learn if you need to restrict sodium from you diet and get additional tips to control your sodium intake,contact you doctor o!