The Prince of Brazil who was Yoruba

Candido da Fonseca Galvao (1845 – 1890 )  was a military officer in Brazil.

Candido da Fonseca Galvao (1845 – 1890 )  was a military officer in Brazil.

Yoruba people can be found all over the world especially in the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, Brazil, South American and Caribbean. Significant Yoruba communities can be found all over Europe, South America, Asia and Australia. The migration of Yoruba people all over the world has lead to a spread of the Yoruba culture across the globe. Yoruba people have historically been spread around the globe by the combined forces of the Atlantic slave trade and voluntary self migration.

But ever heard of a certain Yoruba prince?

 Candido da Fonseca Galvao is believed by some to be a son or grandson of Yoruba King Abiodun of Oyo Empire. The Brazilian monarchy recognized him as a foreign sovereign and was known as Dom Oba II d’Africa, or simply Dom Oba.

He exemplified the type of free men of African descent who lived in and contributed to Brazil. A prince with blue blood from Yoruba Empire.

During the War of Paraguay, He voluntarily enlisted to fight. He was awarded an honorary officer of the Brazilian army due to his great bravery and outstanding martial skills.
After the war, he settled in Rio de Janeiro, becoming a legend. He was revered as a royal prince by the millions of African Brazilians of his time. He was an inspiration, a leader and a father figure for those very African Brazilians in their struggle to live with dignity, to establish fairness in a prejudiced Brazil.

Dom Oba was a personal friend of the Emperor D. Pedro II whom he regularly visited in his court each year, and where he was received with all full honours due to a sovereign dignitary.

Dom Oba was also a committed abolitionist. He began a campaign to combat racism. With the fall of the Empire in 1889 he fell out of favour with the republicans because of his monarchist sentiments. He died soon after in July 1890.


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